Read an overview of the elements included in the professional practice 'Knowing the subject'

Resources for Knowing the subject

From priming tasks and target tasks to language focus and grammar - methodology article - guest writers
25 June, 2008
This is the third in a series of four articles which will explore how to integrate a task-based approach into a typical textbook to maximise learning opportunities for your learners and to save...
Six types of task for TBL - methodology article - guest writers
11 June, 2008
This is the second in a series of four articles which will explore how to integrate a task-based approach into a typical textbook to maximise learning opportunities for your learners and to save...
Criteria for identifying tasks for TBL - methodology article - guest writers
29 May, 2008
This is the first in a series of four articles which will explore how to integrate a task-based approach into a typical textbook to maximise learning opportunities for your learners and to save...
Techniques for form focus after reading - reading article - guest writers
30 April, 2008
In my earlier articles Reading for information, Form focus and recycling, and Techniques for Priming and recycling, I set out a four stage cycle for teaching reading.
Techniques for priming and recycling - reading article - guest writers
24 April, 2008
A four stage methodology for reading.In Reading for Information, and Form focus and recycling, I have proposed a four stage methodology for teaching reading.
Form focus and recycling: getting grammar - reading article - guest writers
16 April, 2008
In my last article, Reading for Information: Motivating learners to read efficiently, I referred to four stages in a task-based reading lesson.
Reading for information: Motivating learners to read efficiently - reading article - guest writers
4 April, 2008
This is the first in a series of four articles which propose a four stage methodology for teaching reading.
17 March, 2008
There are many activities which you can use with your learners to help them develop their writing skills. For example, writing stories, book or film reviews, postcards or greetings cards, emails,...
Evaluating speaking - speaking article
6 February, 2008
This article looks at what a speaker needs to be able to do in order to use spoken English as an effective form of communication.
28 December, 2007
A 44 page illustrated book on the subject of English Language Teaching which covers the topics of planning and preparing lessons, teaching methodology and classroom practice, as well as using...
Presenting new language - methodology article
7 November, 2007
When we decide to present new language items to learners explicitly, there are two underlying approaches for the differing techniques we can use – deductive and inductive.
Listening: Top down and bottom up - listening article
5 September, 2007
In 'real-life' listening, our students will have to use a combination of the two processes, with more emphasis on 'top-down' or 'bottom-up' listening depending on their reasons for listening.
4 April, 2007
Rhythm is both a feature of and product of the phonological structure of English. 
Teaching exam-based writing skills - methodology article
21 March, 2007
Getting students to participate in writing activities in class can be an arduous task. Despite our best efforts as teachers to make the prospect of writing a fun and collaborative activity, it is...
9 November, 2006
If telling my students "And now we're going to practise listening," elicits looks of dread and fear, announcing reading practice can often elicit yawns, heads descending to desks, or eyes ascending...
Taboo in the classroom - methodology article
26 October, 2006
In this article I will review the arguments for and against teaching taboo language and using taboo subjects, then look at some practical ideas for teachers who decide to use this area of language.
Register and degrees of formality - methodology article
11 October, 2006
There seems to be a widely held belief that English, in common with the British who speak it, is a very formal language. In my experience, English does not seem any more or less formal than other...
14 September, 2006
Reading and listening texts are often used in the ELT classroom to practise receptive skills and / or as the introduction to a topic or language point.
5 September, 2006
Why should we encourage students to use dictionaries? Dictionaries develop learner autonomy. They are a handy resource for researching different meanings, collocations, examples of use and standard...
Analysing Language - methodology article
24 August, 2006
In a previous article, I emphasised the importance of checking understanding in the process of teaching new structures and lexis, particularly through the use of concept questions.
21 June, 2006
Like us, you might already use songs in class, and find that your students enjoy them. But have you considered choosing songs specifically to work on pronunciation?
Theories of reading 2 - reading article
29 March, 2006
This article is the second of two parts. The first part looked at some of the shifts and trends in theories relating to reading. This second part will examine tips and guidelines for implementing a...
Theories of reading - reading article
23 March, 2006
This article is in two parts. The first part will look at some of the shifts and trends in theories relating to reading. The second part will examine tips and guidelines for implementing a theory of...
16 March, 2006
Intonation is crucial for communication. It's also a largely unconscious mechanism, and as such, a complex aspect of pronunciation.
Using dictation - methodology article
24 November, 2005
Dictation has been a feature of language classrooms for hundreds of years. However, for many teachers these days, the word 'dictation' is synonymous with 'old-fashioned', 'boring', and 'teacher-...

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