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In this section, you will find a number of articles, which have been written to help you develop your skills and knowledge as a teacher in the professional practice 'Understanding learners'. From primary-aged students to adult learners of English, the articles you will find here are practical, insightful and full of ideas to support your teaching and planning for all kinds of classrooms.It also involves dividing lessons into coherent stages, planning board work, selecting and describing interaction patterns for different activities during the lesson, and planning for differentiated learning. 

Planning lessons and courses includes anticipating problems that may arise during the lesson, and planning how to respond to these, describing how learners’ understanding will be checked or assessed and describing when and how feedback will be provided. It is important to be able to describe how a lesson is linked to those before and after it, plan a broad outline for a sequence of lessons, including the recycling of learning content and reflect on the approach and effectiveness of lesson planning, incorporating learner feedback and other evidence.

Find useful articles

Which syllabus: The traditional and the holistic syllabus - methodology article
26 Jul 2004

Traditional and holistic syllabuses reflect different views of language and language learning and teaching. Both viewpoints are quite...

Negotiated objectives - methodology article
01 Jun 2004

Many students, especially at intermediate level, express the feeling that they are not making any progress. This is because their...

Project work with teenagers - methodology article
23 Mar 2004

Project work is becoming an increasingly popular feature within the ELT classroom. Common projects are class magazines, group wall...

Role-play - speaking article
06 Jan 2004

In this article I will outline several reasons for using role-play in the classroom and I will offer some tips for getting the most out...

Find the gap - increasing speaking in class - speaking article
08 Oct 2003

The communicative approach to language learning stresses the need for meaningful communication, emphasising that if students have a...

Planning 2 - methodology article
13 Aug 2003

Planning 1 outlined the rationale behind lesson planning. This article looks at some of the elements to consider when planning an actual...

Teaching mixed-ability classes 2 - methodology article
17 Jun 2003

You may often be teaching a class which has students who are clearly of different levels. They may have different starting levels of...

Teaching mixed-ability classes 1 - methodology article
13 Jun 2003

You may often be teaching a class which has students who are clearly of different levels. They may have different starting levels of...

13 Dec 2002

If you would like to set up an out-of-class English Learning Circle with your students, here are 8 things you need to consider:

English Learning Circles - a path to learner independence - resources article
05 Mar 2002

Getting students to use English with each other is a problem which is often difficult to overcome. Learning Circles are one way to help...

Planning 1 - methodology article
05 Mar 2002

Planning is one of those essential skills of the competent teacher.