Knowing the subject is one of the professional practices in the British Council's CPD framework for teacher educators. It involves demonstrating proficiency in the subject, such as communicating effectively in English and having explicit knowledge about language systems, grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. It also involves subject–specific theoretical knowledge regarding teaching methods, student learning and assessment. It includes developing familiarity with a wide range of current teaching and learning resources (print and digital) and being able to use these to support teacher development. Awareness of the main themes and findings in current research and an understanding of professional debates in the subject area and their applicability to a range of teaching contexts and a range of learners is also an important aspect of this professional practice.

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