With 'Knowing the subject', teacher educators need:

  • proficiency in the subject, such as communicating effectively in English
  • explicit knowledge about language systems, such as grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation
  • subject–specific theoretical knowledge regarding teaching methods, student learning and assessment
  • knowledge of a wide range of current teaching and learning resources (print and digital) that are available in the subject area
  • awareness of key themes and findings in current research and professional debates in the subject area
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