CEF levels

We use the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) to indicate the levels of our resources. Many lesson plans and activities are flexible and suitable for students learning at different levels.

If you are not familiar with the CEFR, this is an approximate explanation using terms common in many staffrooms:

A1: Beginner

A2: Elementary

B1: Intermediate

B2: Upper-intermediate

C1: Advanced

C2: Proficiency

Research and insight

Browse fascinating case studies, research papers, publications and books by researchers and ELT experts from around the world.

See our publications, research and insight