What activities do you use to help your students feel more confident using spoken English in class? Why not write your favourite speaking activities below in the comments.
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As I teach young learners, they are not that afraid to speak English. Although they have the limited English at this level, they are found able to communicate their ideas using the vocabulary and a little knowledge of grammar they have had. Before they are asked to speak, they listen and say the lines in a one-page comic story as a lead-in. Then, they are provided with some useful vocabulary for the upcoming picture description activity. They are made sure to be aware of the required spoken structure given in a little box below each exercise. But there are some moments when they are less productive, at which it requires me to give them incentives (some candies) so as to motivate them to actively participate in speaking activities. It mostly works well. The young children are so fond of playing speaking games and phonics chant.
As for the the adult learners, the affective filters may be the primary cause of their reluctance to speak. My favorite activities for them are controlled practice, substitution drills, information gap and singing. As I do care about their emotional readiness, the aforementioned activities are expected to help lessen the filters.
Hey! I am Ishika Jain, I live in India. Being an Indian it is quite difficult to make our students calm when it comes to learning english as a language. As they have their own methods of learning it. Persistently, it is not an easy to make them aware regarding the correct use of grammar.
So, I asked them some rapid fire questions related to their hometown, studies, and many more. While listening to them I write down all the points where they need to be improvise. Whether it is vocabulary, grammar or pronunciations. While giving them feedback I let them know where they need to purify themselves.
I am teaching adults online.First of all I tell them that mistakes are a part of learning process.I use pictures to start the topic(a traffic jam) Then I ask them to talk about their experiences in trafiif jam etc
I do not like the concept of negative reinforcement. I think this can have the opposite effect of what is trying to be achieved, namely students becoming silent. I much prefer to use positive reinforcement. I tend to only use verbal praise but if wanted a physical inducement could give stickers for participation. I also tend to grade the tasks by student. If I am asking questions in class, I ask the higherly level students a different question than the lower level students.
I also sometimes choose the partners and groups differently. Sometimes I will make groupings based on similarities (gender, age, life experience, language level). Then I can also adjust the task to the various groupings. In the same way, having diverse groups can lead to interesting group dynamics and progress.
Should we discuss this in their first week of the speaking class?
You could certainly discuss this at the start of the course, as a way of setting objectives, or you might prefer to wait and see how much L1 the students use in class before addressing this if you think that's more appropriate. As always, it depends a little on your class and teaching context!
I teach teens and and I think the older they are, the more difficult it is to invite them to actively take part in the lesson. It is much easier to do that with younger pupils who are still spontenous and open to the expereincing. I often help my students to speak by:
- describing photos
- pair disussion
- fire questions
My favorite activity in encouraging my students to speak is to have them role play a setting from real life, like buying a present or helping a customer get the right thing while teaching shopping language or role playing characters of a story after they watch it.
They are mostly energitic and having fun in such activity. They don't need much of motivation and encouragement to participate.
I hope for better now. The challenge is achievable when it is only for several minutes that they are required to speak only in English. Then more minutes will be assigned to have the maximum time possible for talking in English until it is easy for them to and they get used to it.
excellent resources to learn about.thanks alot
I believe to open a 'lock of reluctance' we need to provide the 'key of confidence'.
Being an educator I love to give this confidence to my learners that they need to speak up there is nothing wrong in speaking wrong as long as they are learning we all make mistakes but we must give it a try. So, I use different activities to encourage them, Role plays, talking to strange things - my students enjoy when i asked them to imagine things talking like ; what can be the talk between books in the rack or pencils in the pencil box or clothes in the ward robe.
FIRST I TEACH VOCABULARY TO MY STUDENTS, THEY REPEAT IN CHORUS AND INDIVIDUAL THEN PRACTICES THE DIALOGUES USING THE VOCABULARY AND STEP UP THE GRAMMAR.