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Task-based learning is an approach to language learning where learners are given interactive tasks to complete. In order to do this, they need to communicate. Once the task is complete, then the teacher discusses the language used.
The learners plan an itinerary for a guest who is coming to stay with their teacher. They research places to visit and timetables. They prepare a written schedule and a short guide. Once the task is completed, they discuss some of the language that has been important with the teacher.
In the classroom
Tasks can provide an organisational structure for a teacher who believes in the Communicative Approach. Tasks provide meaningful communication and an opportunity to acquire language through real language use. Task-based learning may become more appropriate at higher levels.