Phonemic symbols are the symbols used to represent individual phoneme sounds in transcription, e.g. in a dictionary.

Example:
The following are examples in English:
/p/ as in pet /k/ as in cat /ei/ as in pay /i:/ as in beat

In the classroom
Activities which can help learners include phonemic bingo, phonemic hangman, practice with dictionaries, class posters and looking at homophones. There is much discussion about how useful phonemic symbols are to learners, and some teachers choose never to teach them, especially if learner do not feel they are useful.

See also:
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/phoneme
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/phonemic-script
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/phonology

Further links:
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/phonemic-chart
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/phonemic-symbols
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/young-learners-phonemic-chart
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/teaching-pronunciation-phonemic-symbols
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/vocabulary-recycling-revision-phonemic-symbols
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/introducing-phonemic-alphabet
https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/article/remembering-phonemes

Research and insight

We have hundreds of case studies, research papers, publications and resource books written by researchers and experts in ELT from around the world. 

See our publications, research and insight

Sign up to our newsletter for teaching ideas and free resources

We will process your data to send you our newsletter and updates based on your consent. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the "unsubscribe" link at the bottom of every email. Read our privacy policy for more information.