Mistakes are things that are wrong in a learner's English. They can be divided into two types, errors and slips. Slips may not require feedback but errors will, at some point, or at least they tell us important things about the learner's knowledge.

A learner saying ‘I look forward seeing you' because they don't know that we use ‘to' in the structure is making an error, but if the learner says this because they are tired and not concentrating it may just be a slip.

In the classroom
There are many ways to give feedback on learner mistakes. Techniques for spoken mistakes include recording learners for delayed correction, and using gestures and echoing for immediate correction. Written mistakes can be addressed using correction symbols, group editing and models.

Further links:




Research and insight

We have hundreds of case studies, research papers, publications and resource books written by researchers and experts in ELT from around the world. 

See our publications, research and insight

Sign up to our newsletters for teachers and teacher educators

We will process your data to send you our newsletter and updates based on your consent. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the "unsubscribe" link at the bottom of every email. Read our privacy policy for more information.