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IMMLE Conference 2019: academic publications

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This series of academic papers arises from the 2019 Inclusion, Mobility and Multilingual Education Conference.

The Inclusion, Mobility and Multilingual Education (IMMLE) Conference: Exploring the role of languages in education and development brought together the 13th Language and Development Conference and the 6th Multilingual Education Conference. It was co-hosted by the British Council and UNESCO Bangkok on behalf of the Language and Development Conference Trustees and AsiaPacific Multilingual Education Conference. 476 delegates attended from 59 countries. You can download the proceedings from the conference in PDF format below.

Conference proceedings

The dynamics of local languages facing the challenge of socioeconomic integration of migrants in the Lake Chad Basin: the case of Hausa, Fulfulde and Kalam Arabic by Ahmat Hessana

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the central role played by the three dominant cross-border languages of Hausa, Fulfulde and Kalam Arabic in the sociovocational inclusion of refugees, migrants and other displaced persons. 


Exploring the roles of languages in social cohesion and inclusion in minority ethno-linguistic communities in Nepal by Ambika Regmi Banjara

This paper explores the roles as well as challenges of languages in achieving social cohesion and inclusion in minority ethnolinguistic speech communities in Nepal, and suggests some strategies to beat those challenges.


Changing Language-in-Education policy in Pakistan by Fakhruddin Akhunzada

This paper outlines the policy changes in Pakistan that have taken place at education level in the country recently toward recognising all people’s linguistic and cultural rights. It also attempts to determine what factors have contributed to changing the language attitudes and policies in Pakistan.


A measuring stick, not the measuring stick for MLE: A tool, a Karen case study, and discourse in support of MLE best practices by Greg Tyrosvoutis, Saw Shar Nay Thaw, Naw Mee Lay, Naw Paw Su Klay, Saw Nay Ta Mu, Naw Paw Htoe Ki Wah, Nan Eh Sar Klain, Th’Blay Moo, Naw Nay Yu Paw

The study sought to identify and validate the approaches and best practices for multilingual teaching and learning cited in international literature by utilising classroom observations conducted in collaboration with the Karen Education and Cultural Department (KECD) to assess the Multilingual Education (MLE) competencies of 12 teachers working in multilingual classrooms. 


The language factor and the impact of the Gothra Bandhu project: a case study of Thirunelly village, India by Hafeesha TB, Vishnu Prasad. K

This paper, based on a research study, is an attempt to find out the impact of the Gothra Bandhu project and the role of language in Thirunelly village. It provides an analysis of the Alternative School System that was put in place initially to resolve the problem of tribal dropouts.


Language for Resilience: towards principled and purposeful inclusion of migrants and refugees in education through language programmes by Hala Ahmed, Claire Duly, Micheline Esso, Caspar Mays and Francis Randle. Edited by Harry Haynes

The purpose of this report is to provide insight into the learning from the British Council programmes across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region between 2015 and 2020, principles that have emerged and frameworks for understanding teacher development needs, and how to best utilise digital resources in challenging contexts.


The restless species and its languages by Hywel Coleman

This paper takes a broad view of human mobility in general - not only in the context of migration – and then considers implications for language by mentioning two concepts: Short-termism and Deep Time.


Sustainable development and sexuality education: does the language inhibit youth in Mauritius? By Jimmy Harmon

This paper explores the relationship between language of instruction and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) with the introduction of a sexuality education programme in all secondary schools in the Republic of Mauritius.


Planning for sustainable inclusion and resilient systems: multilingual education in an era of displacement, mobility and turbulence by Kathleen Heugh

This paper sets out an argument for a sequence of key principles for shifting from monolingual and monocultural education systems to ones that meet the complexities of current diversities, instabilities and precarities in order to achieve inclusion and sustainability. 


Real-life language: comparing student writing skills in the SEA-PLM by Louise Courtney

The Southeast Asia Primary Learning Metrics (SEA-PLM) is a new comparative learning assessment programme, designed by and for countries in Southeast Asia. It provides robust evidence to answer the vital question of how children in Southeast Asia perform against regional measurements in reading, writing and mathematics at the end of primary school. The results of the first round of the SEA-PLM main study were released in December 2020.


Framing the Debate: Language, inclusion and the Sustainable Development Goals by Psyche Kennett

Inclusive language policy and practice play a critical role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The article looks at some of the main challenges to achieving language inclusion through the SDGs: language blindness, the lack of financial flows to local level, and unrealistic time and budget constraints for effective reform. Three strategies are suggested to address these challenges.


The elephant in the classroom: language endangerment by Rynj Gonzales

This paper presents information about language endangerment in the Philippines and the challenges brought about by using an endangered heritage language in the implementation of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education within the Indigenous Peoples Education (IPED) programme. The author proposes recommendations on policy and programme planning for the IPED Framework.


Spinning the top: translanguaging pedagogy for just education for students from minority language groups in Northern Thailand by Sangsok Son and Minjung Kim

The paper is a discussion of why the present education practices are unjust for the students whose home languages are not the same as the medium of instruction, Thai, in the schools in Northern Thailand. The translanguaging (TL) Top Model is introduced and used to explain why the present education could be perceived as unjust for ethnolinguistic minority students, and how TL pedagogy can level the education playing field.


The bilingual education model on the basis of the mother tongue language in Vietnam by Tran Thi Yen

The mother tongue-based bilingual education model is a new initiative and approach for the education of ethnic minority children in Vietnam, with support and funding from UNICEF. This paper sets out a comprehensive picture of the model that has been successfully implemented in Vietnamese ethnic minority communities with a theoretical and practical basis, educational outcomes and lessons learnt for future replication of the initiative.