Feedback is information a teacher or another speaker, including another learner, gives to learners on how well they are doing, either to help the learner improve specific points, or to help plan their learning. Feedback can be immediate, during an activity, or delayed, at the end of an activity or part of a learning programme and can take various forms.
A teacher agrees with learners that they will not be corrected during a conversation activity but that the teacher will take notes and give feedback afterwards.
In the classroom
In correction, it is typical to use feedback in a way that shows the learner has made a mistake, but allows the learner to attempt to correct it themselves. Facial expression, body language, gesture and intonation can all be used to give this type of feedback to speaking. Correction codes are used in writing to achieve this; if learners have made a word order mistake, the teacher marks 'WO' at that point, allowing the learner to go back and correct it themselves.