An approach is a way of looking at teaching and learning. Underlying any language teaching approach is a theoretical view of what language is, and of how it can be learnt. An approach gives rise to methods, the way of teaching something, which use classroom activities or techniques to help learners learn.

Example
The communicative approach is the best-known current approach to language teaching. Task-based teaching is a methodology associated with it. Other approaches include the cognitive-code approach, and the aural-oral approach (audiolingual method).

In the classroom
Learners in the modern language classroom often learn through techniques drawn from a variety of methods/approaches in what has been labelled an ‘eclectic approach'. Teachers select techniques from various approaches according to the different needs of their learners. Most coursebooks mix methods and techniques in this way.

Further links:

https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/blogs/james-taylor/james-taylor-ppp-ttt-tbl-dogme

https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/blogs/jane-willis/grammar-based-teaching-task-based-teaching-making-shift

 

Research and insight

We have hundreds of case studies, research papers, publications and resource books written by researchers and experts in ELT from around the world. 

See our publications, research and insight

Sign up to our newsletter for teaching ideas and free resources

We will process your data to send you our newsletter and updates based on your consent. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the "unsubscribe" link at the bottom of every email. Read our privacy policy for more information.