This activity trains young learners to plan a very simple story.

Stuart Wiffin, Teacher, France

The activity looks at the brainstorming process prior to writing, then allows learners to select ideas and guides them to the actual writing of the story through a clearly staged plan.


Find a picture of the hero of your story in a magazine or on the internet, big enough for your teaching situation.

Stage 1: Brainstorming

  • Write the title Anna's wet day out at the top of the board. Check students understand the meaning.
  • Divide your board into four quarters and title these Anna, Day out, What happened and The end.
  • Show students the picture and ask the following questions. Write down all the suggestions in the part entitled Anna.
    • How old is she?
    • Where is she from?
    • What does she like doing in her free time?
  • Tell students Anna is going on a day out. Again brainstorm ideas, guiding students using the ideas they gave in Anna, for example, if they said she likes going to the park ask them to give concrete ideas such as a park they know and who she went with. Again, write down as many ideas as time allows.
  • Tell students Anna got wet on her day out and ask them how this happened. Guide them using as many of the ideas in Day out as you have time for, e.g. How did she get wet at the park? Did she fall in the pond? Why? Was she running away from a scary dog? etc.
  • By now you should have several possible stories on the go. Move onto the The end box and ask for ways for the various stories to end. Get some ideas but don't write anything in the box. The students will have the opportunity to finish the story themselves.

Stage 2: Think about your audience

Establish that the aim of a story is to entertain. Ask students how they would like to do this. Do they want their story to be funny, scary, exciting, etc?

Stage 3: Selection of ideas – story plan

Ask students to copy the grid from the board and then in each part to choose and copy just the information they want to include in their story. Give them time and assistance to fill in the fourth part The end as this was left blank in stage 1.

Stage 4: Story feedback

Ask students to tell their stories in small groups. Each group chooses one they like to share with the class.

Take students' plans in and mark them to show you consider the plan itself to be important and to give them any advice you think is needed.

Stage 5: Writing (optional)

Students choose a story from their group and write a first draft in the following class. Once you have corrected this, students then work alone to complete a final draft, perhaps with illustrations if you feel this would be motivating. If story writing is important in the students' curriculum you can repeat stages 1 to 4 with three or four other titles so students build up a number of plans. You can then ask them to choose one to use to write a story. Their story ideas should improve greatly with practice and the resulting story should be a better one.


Submitted by Abdussami on Fri, 08/14/2009 - 12:29



What a creative method of composing has been defined in this article and thanks a lot for that.

Name, Out, Incident and Result.

Can I use your material on my facebook account for my friends to share with?

Abdussami Bajwa

Submitted by Moko on Wed, 10/28/2009 - 14:52



A nice idea, if you don't mind I would apply this in my classroom.

May I?


Submitted by mauro.corallo on Sun, 11/01/2009 - 23:31


Dear Stuart,

I like a lot the activity you got ready. do you mind if I use it in my English Lessons?

Mauro from Italy

Submitted by Rob Lewis (not verified) on Mon, 11/02/2009 - 10:47

In reply to by mauro.corallo


Hi Mauro

You can use all the materials on this site in your lessons - and we'd be very happy to hear how it goes!


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