There are lots of useful exercise that can be built around them to help develop your learners' English.
The best songs to choose are ones that are:
- Suited to classroom acoustics and learners’ ears: Not too much background noise or loud instrumentals and a clear singing voice ( give preference to a solo artist) Always try to play the song in the room you will be using before the lesson. What does it sound like from the back?
- Simple and linear: Repititious songs with a simple story build or tale are preferable to ‘abstract’ musings. Something that could be ordered if jumbled up or with a basic verb form reused in each verse.
- In plain English: Avoid songs with lots of slang or cultural references that need explaining. You will get bogged down in explaining meanings and lose the class.
- Suited to actions: Especially important for young learners who are helped by being physically involved with the music e.g. heads, shoulders, knees and toes.
- Not too long (max 2-3 verses): You will need to break up a long song and will need to replay the song quite a few times. Make a tape with the song repeated over and over again, or you will waste valuable classroom time rewinding the tape.
Activities to do with songs
- Song building
Write the lyrics in couplets or line by line on strips of paper (photocopied for a large group). Students have 5 minutes to learn their strip. Students in groups then try to ‘put together’ the song, one student may be secretary and write out their lyrics. Listen and check then sing! You can do this with very simple songs too.
- Oral Song project - oral presentations
Students in pairs/small groups choose a singer, group or musical genre. They prepare an oral presentation, including extracts from songs, a biography of the group and description of the instruments used. Follow up with a song from the group/singer next lesson with a worksheet prepared by you. Very motivating and gives a few weeks of student-centred learning!
- Contrasting two styles or themes
Pick two songs covering a similar theme to compare and contrast. For example: 'You’ve got a friend' By Carole King and 'You’re my best friend' By Queen.
Students are split into 2 groups and each listen to a different song and prepare a presentation of the song to the other group. After presentations, follow up with a general discussion on the same theme.
- Ear training and pronunciation
Remove all the rhyming words from a popular song. Give the students those words mixed up on a piece of paper or on the board.
Match the words which rhyme. Then try to guess what the song might be about.
Listen to the song and put the rhyming ending words in order as they hear them. Then give out a lyrics sheet and they insert the missing rhymes. This is good for vowel contrasts and practice of key vowels or consonants.
Using songs in the classroom Unit 8
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish This site has an excellent music section.
http://www.britishcouncil.org/learnenglish The songs and lyrics section of the kids and teens sites will give you plenty of ideas on how to use songs and how to introduce information about musicians.
http://www.eslcafe.com/ideas/sefer.cgi?Music A good set of links to teaching with songs sites.
http://www.lyrics.ch The best international lyrics search engine. See lyrics from the latest European chart toppers.
By Clare Lavery