A product-oriented syllabus focuses on things learnt at the end of the learning process (outcomes) rather than the process itself. It can be compared with a process-oriented syllabus, which focuses on the processes of learning. Many people have questioned the validity of separating syllabi into process- and product-oriented and argue that most syllabi are, and must be, a combination of processes and outcomes.
Grammatical, functional and lexical syllabi are product-oriented as they focus on grammatical, functional and lexical outcomes.
In the classroom
Learners working with a product-oriented syllabus can be supported with other approaches and techniques. For example, teachers can incorporate elements of learner training and development from learner-centred syllabi, or use activities from process-oriented syllabi such as task-based learning.
- Teaching resources
- Teacher development
- Teacher training