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  • I will identify a number of learning theories, together with a list of considerations and cautions with some insights that I have gained from trying to make listening in my classroom more comprehensible.The nature of listeningWhy we need to develop...
  •   Why do pre-listening tasks? Aims and types of pre-listening tasks Selection criteria Why do pre-listening tasks? In real life it is unusual for people to listen to something without having some idea of what they are going to hear. When listening...
  • In this article I intend to outline a framework that can be used to design a listening lesson that will develop your students' listening skills and look at some of the issues involved. The basic framework Pre-listening While listening Post-...
  • Adult learners often complain that (sometimes) after years of study, they can’t understand native speakers. This is partly because they do not receive adequate exposure to authentic texts in class. Another is that it’s hard to find authentic audio...
  • Top-down vs. bottom-up listeningIn the classroomTop-down listening activitiesBottom-up listening activitiesConclusionTop-down vs. bottom-up listeningImagine the following situations:Over lunch, your friend tells you a story about a recent holiday,...
  • I should emphasize that this reticence only applies to interaction in English but it does seem to apply to groups of all nationalities, ages and levels. Why student to student interaction is desirable Problems we face when trying to increase...
  • Why teenagers find listening difficultMaking listening more engaging for teenagersHelping students understand spoken EnglishMaking predictionsConclusionWhy teenagers find listening difficult Some teachers find that their teenage students are often...
  •   The features of body language Eye contact Facial expression Proximity Posture Gesture Why I teach body language How to teach body language Conclusion   The features of body language Body language is made up of a whole range of features many of...
  •   Why we listen Our students' interests Allowing students choice Getting feedback   Why we listen Just the other day I listened to the BBC radio news online. I wanted to hear the swimming results from the Olympics. I specifically wanted to hear...
  •   The type of listening tasks we choose The way we prepare our students before listening   I would like to challenge some accepted beliefs about the way we prepare our students to listen and the types of tasks we give them in an effort to encourage...