A guide to using tenses.

         WHERE AND WHEN TO USE WHICH TENSE?

                              [V.Mahendiran]

 

1)      Simple present tense- is used to mean a regular action and present action

2)      Present perfect tense- is used to mean an action completed but not expired

3)      Present continuous tense- is used to mean an action going on, goes on and will go on

4)      Present perfect continuous tense- is used to mean an action started earlier and still going on

5)      Simple past tense- is used to mean an action completed

6)      Past perfect tense- is used to mean an action completed and expired

7)      Past continuous tense- is used to mean the duration of an action completed

8)      Past perfect continuous tense- is used to mean an action started earlier and was going on for a certain time and stopped in the past time.

9)      Future tense- is used to pledge or plan for a future action

10)  Future perfect tense- is used to mean a strong assurance for a future action

11)  Future continuous tense- is used to mean the duration of the action of a future matter

12)  Future perfect continuous tense- is used to mean an action which starts in future for a continuous action

13)  Pure present tense- is used to say one’s present position/ status/ place

14)  Pure past tense- is used to say one’s past position/ status/ place

15)  Additional present tense- is used to mean an action for future distance possibility/rare ability/assumption/frequent ability/regular habitual/advisable manner

16)  Additional past tense- is used to mean an action for its past assumption/past ability/past pledge

17)  Additional present continuous tense- is used to mean the same as additional present tense and with giving importance to the duration of the action.

18)  Additional past continuous tense- is used to mean the same as additional past tense and with giving importance to the duration of the action.

19)  Future in the past tense- is used to mean an action what occurred in past time but for a reverse angle.

20)  Future in the past continuous tense- is used to mean the same as above and with giving importance to the duration of the action.

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