What is voice?
There are two voices such as, active and passive. Any statement in any tense can exist on both voices but it depends on the situation about what we are to talk.
Likely passive voice tends in very formal writing as well as in highly standard speaking.
The aptitude of English language users is valued of their usage of passive structures in their writing and speaking though active voice is used normally.
Which voice to be preferred is determined not according to a speaker, but the situation what one speaks. Although a matter can be spoken / written on both voices, only a certain voice is on top form for a situation.
Instead of forming ‘How is your father calling you?’ in active, a good speaker would not form as ‘How are you being called by your father?’ in passive, as it is unusual though grammatically right.
Likewise, instead of forming ‘Was it dispatched?’ In passive, ‘Did you dispatch it?’ is not formed by a good speaker in active because of situation, though both are grammatically right. Therefore, voice is preferred for situation; don’t think that this is an exercise. Once again it is said that it’s not an exercise that changing active to passive or passive to active but should practice the conversion for forming structures frequently.
When did you finish your U.G?
When was your U.G finished by you?
Are you all right?
--------impossible due to intransitive--------------
You will surely defeat them.
They will be surely defeated by you.
Is there anybody waiting for me?
---------impossible due to intransitive------------
Is there anybody looking for me?
Am I being looked for by anybody there?
As above any tense can be structured on both voices; perhaps being intransitive that cannot be done; gather up more details in ‘what is tense’
What happens when active is changed into passive?
ð Subject in active voice changes an object in passive.
ð Object in active acts as a subject in passive.
ð Only past participle form tends in passive.
ð Individual rule is observed in using auxiliaries on both voices.
ð Intransitives are not made in passive.
ð Some tenses are not often used in passive, see the lesson ‘tense analysis’
ð However, Voice changing will never change the meaning at any cost.
SUBJECT IS DEALT
In active voice, subject deals an object through a combination of auxiliary and verb form according to the rule assigned (see the table of active voice rule- formulae of tenses in ‘what is tense?). In transitive statement object would exist. Object wouldn’t exist in intransitive statement.
Ragu comes (Intransitive)
Ragu reads the chart (Transitive)
We are Indians (Intransitive)
We agree your statement (Transitive)
In passive voice, subject is dealt by an object through a combination of auxiliary and verb form according to the rule assigned (see the table of passive voice rule -formulae of tenses in ‘what is tense?). Only past participle form is used in all tenses. Structure which contains object is known as personal passive, objectless is called impersonal passive.
All are appreciated (Impersonal)
This department is handled by Mr.Vinith