In one of my recent previous postings I had mentioned the strict word order that English has.


I would like to repeat, in brief, the content of that letter,  because I have found that this word order is applicable to sentences which have any other part of speech as  the subject. This order can help to solve questions on jumbled segments of a sentence. English has a word order which  usually follows the structure,

Subject + Verb; Subject + Verb + Object; Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct object etc. When we substitute the definitions of the eight parts of speech in the above structure, we have Noun/Pronoun+ Verb +Noun/Pronoun. Because the noun or pronoun is usually preceded by an adjective and this is usually preceded by an article, we have the following structure of a sentence– Article+ Adjective + Noun/pronoun+ Verb+ Article +Adjective + Noun/pronoun. The Adverb is known as a movable modifier and this should be closed as close as possible to the verb, adverb, or, adjective that it modifies. Therefore, the structure of the sentence becomes Article+ Adjective +Noun/ pronoun +[Adverb]+Verb +Article +Adjective + Noun/pronoun. Since a preposition is usually placed before the object part of a sentence the order becomes: Article+ Adjective + Noun/ pronoun+ [Adverb]+ Verb+ preposition+ Article+ Adjective+ Noun/pronoun - [1].Many sentences usually repeat this word
 order i.e:1] Article[2] Adjective [3] Noun/pronoun[4] Verb [5] [Adverb] [6] preposition [7]Article[8]Adjective [9] Noun/pronoun.

Different parts of speech as the subject:-

We can have an Adjective as the subject of a sentence as in: The good die young- where the order is Article + Adjective [functioning as a noun] +  verb+ adjective[ functioning as a noun], which is a modification of part of the above word order[1]. We can also have an infinitive as the subject as in: To study is to progress- which also partly follows the above word order [1]-Infinitive form as a noun + Verb+ Infinitive functioning as a noun. We can also have a gerund as a noun as in : Walking is good exercise- in which the gerund `Walking` functions as the noun and the order also partly follows the above word order[1] , - Verbal-Noun+ Verb+ Adjective + Noun. We can also have a prepositional phrase functioning as the subject as in: `In the beginning` is the opening phrase of the Bible- in which the word order is preposition+ Article + Adjective+ verb+ Article+ Adjective+ noun+ preposition+ noun+ Article+ Noun. A clause can also function as the subject of a sentence as in: That you have wronged me does appear in this, in which the word order is Dummy subject[?]{That}+pronoun+ verb[s]+ pronoun+ preposition+ dummy subject[?]{this}.

An adverb can also function as a subject as in `Merely` has an interesting history`. The word-order in this sentence is Adverb [functioning as a subject] + verb+ article + adjective + noun.
A conjunction can also form the subject of a sentence as in, `But` turns away many a surprise` where the word - order is conjunction [ forming a subject] + verb + adverb + article + adjective.
An interjection can also form the subject as in `Oh, is too carelessly used` in which the word order is Interjection[forming the subject] + verb + adverb[s] + verb.
Thus, we see that the word order in English is strictly followed no matter which part of speech forms the subject and, thus, we could use this word order to teach Jumbled sentences as the following:

   beach/ walking/ while/ the/ saw / a / ship, which can be rearranged as
   We saw a ship while walking on the beach,  in which the word order is pronoun + verb + article + noun + adverb + verb + preposition + article + noun.

Please tell me what you think of this? Reply soon.

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