TeachingEnglish
      Happy Valentine`s Day

      Happy Valentine’s Day
      Yana Kuchkarova

      Level: pre-intermediate, intermediate
      Age: teenagers 15,16,17 years old
      Objectives:
      To improve presentation skills
      To improve their imaginary and creative thinking skills
      To improve their narrative writing skills
      To improve their team-working skills

      Material: posters, markers, heart-shape and other beautiful shape stickers, colorful pencils, paper.

      I. Greeting. Congratulate the students with Happy Valentine
      Love is patient
      Love is kind
      Love delights you
      Love inspires
      Love is passion
      Love means care
      Love is fire,
      Love is fair. (Yana)

      Teacher introduces the theme of the class after the poem and asks students to get pieces of cut postcards where quotes are written. Ss. Choose them and the should find their team members and make the whole card. 1 team members will have card with a quote.

      These cards will help you to divide the class into three groups.

      II. The groups are supposed to discuss the meaning of their quote within 1 or 2 minutes and then present it to the class.
      III. Discussion
      1. What is Valentine’s Day?
      2. What do people celebrate on this day?
      3. How do people celebrate this holiday?
      4. Why do people celebrate this holiday?
      IV. Students are distributed material about Valentine`s day history. They should read it and make up 5 questions.(The information is got from Wikipedia and adopted)

      Every year, the fourteenth day of the month of February has millions across the world presenting their loved ones with candy, flowers, chocolates and other lovely gifts. In many countries, restaurants and eateries are seen to be filled with couples who are eager to celebrate their relationship and the joy of their togetherness through delicious cuisines.
      The reason behind all of this is a kindly cleric named Valentine who died more than a thousand years ago.It is not exactly known why the 14th of February is known as Valentine's Day or if the noble Valentine really had any relation to this day. The history of Valentine's Day is impossible to be obtained from any archive and the veil of centuries gone by has made the origin behind this day more difficult to trace. It is only some legends that are our source for the history of Valentine's Day.
      The story of St. Valentine has two different versions - the Protestant and the Catholic one. Both versions agree upon Saint Valentine being a bishop who held secret marriage ceremonies of soldiers in opposition to Claudius II who had prohibited marriage for young men and was executed by the latter. During the lifetime of Valentine, the golden era of Roman empire had almost come to an end. Lack of quality administrators led to frequent civil strife. Education declined, taxation increased and trade witnessed a very bad time. The Roman empire faced crisis from all sides, from the Gauls, Slavs, Huns, Turks and Mongolians from Northern Europe and Asia. The empire had grown too large to be shielded from external aggression and internal chaos with existing forces. Naturally, more and more capable men were required to be recruited as soldiers and officers to protect the nation from takeover. When Claudius became the emperor, he felt that married men were more emotionally attached to their families, and thus, will not make good soldiers. He believed that marriage made the men weak. So he issued an edict forbidding marriage to assure quality soldiers.
      The ban on marriage was a great shock for the Romans. But they dared not voice their protest against the mighty emperor. The kindly bishop Valentine also realized the injustice of the decree. He saw the trauma of young lovers who gave up all hopes of being united in marriage. He planned to counter the monarch's orders in secrecy. Whenever lovers thought of marrying, they went to Valentine who met them afterwards in a secret place, and blessed them. And thus he secretly performed many marriages for young lovers. But such things cannot remain hidden for long. It was only a matter of time before Claudius came to know of this "friend of lovers," and had him arrested.
      While awaiting his sentence in prison, Valentine was approached by his jailor, Asterius. It was said that Valentine had some saintly abilities and one of them granted him the power to heal people. Asterius had a blind daughter and knowing of the miraculous powers of Valentine he requested the latter to restore the sight of his blind daughter. Valentine in some way did succeed to help Asterius' blind daughter.
      When Claudius II met Valentine, he was said to have been impressed by the dignity and conviction of the latter. However, Valentine refused to agree with the emperor regarding the ban on marriage. This angered Claudius II who gave the order of execution of Valentine.
      Meanwhile, a deep friendship had been formed between Valentine and Asterius' daughter. It is said that just before his execution, Valentine asked for a pen and paper from his jailor, and signed a farewell message to her "From Your Valentine," a phrase that lived ever after. As per another legend, Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his jailer during his imprisonment. Valentine is believed to have been executed on February 14, 270 AD.
      Thus 14th February became a day for all lovers and Valentine became its Patron Saint. It began to be annually observed by young Romans who offered handwritten greetings of affection, known as Valentines, on this day to the women they admired

      Today, Valentine's Day is one of the major holidays in the U.S. and has become a booming commercial success. According to the Greeting Card Association, 25% of all cards sent each year are "valentine"s. The "valentines", as Valentine's Day cards are better known as, are often designed with hearts to symbolize love. The Valentine's Day card spread with Christianity, and is now celebrated all over the world. One of the earliest valentines was sent in 1415 AD by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife during his imprisonment in the Tower of London. The card is now preserved in the British Museum.

      After reading students in groups are paired and they are supposed to write 5 questions on the text.
      DISCUSSION (Write your own questions)
      STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)
      STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

      V. Class discussion.
      VI. Brainstorming. What is it Love?
      VII. Students are asked to write 5 words that they associate with Love. Then being in their groups they should compose their group Love poem, Group Love emblem and create their own Love Valentine card.
      VIII. Groups present their group presentations.
      IX. “Why do I love you…” sheet. Students are distributed colorful papers. Each student has its own Love paper with his/her name written above. Other students should write there why do they love the owner of the paper. Thus, they write to each others` papers why they love, respect, like the person.
      X. Students should make a fairy tale about love where main characters are Prince, Princess, Witch, and Fairy. After it is preferable if they play it.

      Sincerely Yana/Uzb

      Wish You all, Love and be Loved

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