TeachingEnglish
      ESA: Engage, Study, and Activate

       I would love to share an article that I read with you: In How to Teach English [Longman 1998]by  Jeremy Harmer.Our students need to be motivated, exposed to the language, and given a chance to see it. Thus Jeremy Harmer proposes the following term to help our students with language acquisition:   ESA: Engage, Study, and Activate Engage v     Teachers try to arouse the students’ interest and involve their emotions. v     Students should feel amused, moved, stimulated, and challenged in order to not feel bored. v     Recommended activities: games, music, discussions, pictures, and stories. v     Students should also engage in the topics, exercises, and language- not only games and fun. Example: show a picture and ask students to guess the person’s occupation before listening to that person on tape.   Study v     Students focus on information or language and how it is constructed. The main focus in this stage is on the construction of language. v     Activities: practice of sounds, examination and practice of a verb tense, study of a transcript, explanation of grammar, and reading a text or vocabulary. v     Successful language learning depends on a mixture of subconscious language acquisition (listening and reading) and the list of activities previously mentioned.   Activate v     Students use language and communicate, they get to try out real language use. v     Activities: role- plays, debates, discussions, and story writing. v     If students do not get a chance to activate their knowledge in the class, they might find language use difficult in the real world.   The following is an exercise based on the ESA method: Identify the ESA in the following:

      • Students work in groups. They design their own robot and give a presentation to the class.
      • Students and teacher watch a video of modern robots. They describe the robots and say what they like and do not like about them.
      • Teacher shows students a particular robot. They are introduced to the words “can” and “can’t”. They practice the forms in sentences. The teacher makes sure that grammar and pronunciation are correct.

      Average: 3.9 (16 votes)

      Comments

      lemanulas's picture
      lemanulas
      Submitted on 29 January, 2012 - 20:26

      Nahla thanks for nice post!I like the activities: role- plays, debates, discussions, and story writing.I have also used them..They are very enjoyable ;)

      nahla_shaw's picture
      nahla_shaw
      Submitted on 29 January, 2012 - 20:42

       Dear lemanulas, Thank you for the reply. Even we, the teachers love these activities! The students can't wait to do something that is not related to text reading. Nahla

      lemanulas's picture
      lemanulas
      Submitted on 29 January, 2012 - 20:43

      Thanks;)

      nahla_shaw's picture
      nahla_shaw
      Submitted on 5 February, 2012 - 17:15

      Anytime :)