ESA: Engage, Study, and Activate

 I would love to share an article that I read with you: In How to Teach English [Longman 1998]by  Jeremy Harmer.Our students need to be motivated, exposed to the language, and given a chance to see it. Thus Jeremy Harmer proposes the following term to help our students with language acquisition:   ESA: Engage, Study, and Activate Engage v     Teachers try to arouse the students’ interest and involve their emotions. v     Students should feel amused, moved, stimulated, and challenged in order to not feel bored. v     Recommended activities: games, music, discussions, pictures, and stories. v     Students should also engage in the topics, exercises, and language- not only games and fun. Example: show a picture and ask students to guess the person’s occupation before listening to that person on tape.   Study v     Students focus on information or language and how it is constructed. The main focus in this stage is on the construction of language. v     Activities: practice of sounds, examination and practice of a verb tense, study of a transcript, explanation of grammar, and reading a text or vocabulary. v     Successful language learning depends on a mixture of subconscious language acquisition (listening and reading) and the list of activities previously mentioned.   Activate v     Students use language and communicate, they get to try out real language use. v     Activities: role- plays, debates, discussions, and story writing. v     If students do not get a chance to activate their knowledge in the class, they might find language use difficult in the real world.   The following is an exercise based on the ESA method: Identify the ESA in the following:

  • Students work in groups. They design their own robot and give a presentation to the class.
  • Students and teacher watch a video of modern robots. They describe the robots and say what they like and do not like about them.
  • Teacher shows students a particular robot. They are introduced to the words “can” and “can’t”. They practice the forms in sentences. The teacher makes sure that grammar and pronunciation are correct.
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lemanulas's picture

Nahla thanks for nice post!I like the activities: role- plays, debates, discussions, and story writing.I have also used them..They are very enjoyable ;)

nahla_shaw's picture

 Dear lemanulas, Thank you for the reply. Even we, the teachers love these activities! The students can't wait to do something that is not related to text reading. Nahla