When faced with a challenging writing task, students often don’t know where to start, what to write and how to write it.

Teachers can help learners get started by doing pre-writing tasks, and give them a structure for writing with writing models and frames.

This video shows these approaches in action with a variety of written task types. It demonstrates how to motivate and support students to begin the writing process and how to help them structure and develop meaningful written texts.

Parts 1 and 2 show two examples of teachers carry out pre-writing tasks with lower secondary level learners from Turkey and Argentina.

Part 3 shows a teacher in the UK carrying out pre-writing tasks with a mixed nationality group of young adults preparing for IELTS exams.

Part 4 examines writing models and frames. This section revisits the class from Turkey to examine how a writing model is used to support these learners with their writing task.


Download the session notes. The notes contain discussion, video-viewing and reflection tasks. Follow the tasks by going through the video in sequence. The video and session notes are designed as self-study resources to be worked through together. Techniques are transferable to other classes in other contexts.

Video titles:

Part 1: Pre-writing tasks

Part 2: Pre-writing tasks

Part 3: Pre-writing tasks

Part 4: Writing models and frames

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    The video part 4 is not downloadable like other parts. How can I download it?


    Part 4 is working fine here - could you try again? It might be that it takes a few seconds to load, depending on your browser / internet connection. Please let us know if you are still having problems.

    Thanks for your response.

    I need to download the videos because my connection speed is so low and I can't access them online. All the videos are downloadable and I can download them but unfortunately the last part of this session "Preparing to write" has not any link for downloading like other videos.


    Thank you a lot for the good lessons and videos.
    I wanted to ask you to recheck part 4. It's not downloadable.

    Hi Samaneh

    Could you try again possibly using a different browser as I've checked the file and it works fine.

    Many thanks


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