Prediction is an activity learners carry out before reading or listening to a text, where they predict what they are going to hear or read. This gives them a reason to listen or read, as they confirm or reject their predictions.
Learners are going to listen to a presentation about a journey through Africa. They predict what vocabulary they might hear, and also what kind of emotions the speaker might have felt. They listen to confirm their ideas.
In the classroom
Prediction is a valuable stage in listening and reading activities. It mirrors L1 skills use, where predictions form an important base for being able to process language in real time. Both content and language can be predicted.