In language learning orthography can have two meanings. One is the way a language is spelt and the other is the way the letters are written. English orthography (spelling) is notoriously difficult for both native speakers and learners and produces corresponding difficulties in pronunciation. Almost every sound in English has more than one correct spelling.

a) English has an alphabetic orthography, because words are made using an alphabet; b) The orthography of English handwriting can cause problems for Arabic speakers at beginner levels.

In the classroom
One important way to help learners with spelling is to teach them how to use dictionaries and dictionary websites correctly. Low-level learners also need to learn how to ask their teacher for the correct spelling of a word, and understand the letters of the alphabet.

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How then can we account for this entry in the LDOCE online?

calligraphy [uncountable]

the art of producing beautiful writing using special pens or brushes, or the writing produced this way

Does calligraphy only have to do with the 'beauty' of the letter written?

Thanks in advance.

Graciela Castelli




Graciela ,

You are right on! As you said, "calligraphy" has to do with the Art of writing (the beauty of writing) not about learners trying to get to grasps with the basics of writing letters.

In fact, the Arabic language is well-known in this arena. People take pride in showing their calligraphic skills.


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