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Fake news

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This lesson for older teenagers and adults at CEF level B1 and above looks at strategies for identifying fake news and fake websites.


Ideally this lesson is for teenagers, but it can also be used with adults. The lesson begins with a brief discussion about news and fake news.

Students then skim read two webpages. One website is about the Tree Octopus (a spoof), while the other is about the Octopus Tree. After a brief reading comprehension activity, students study the websites, using a set of questions to help them. The goal is to discover which one is the fake website and why it’s fake!

As a final activity, students find other fake news stories currently circulating the internet. They choose one from the list and design a post or meme advising their friends not to fall for it.


  • To expand knowledge of vocabulary related to news and the media
  • To raise students’ awareness of fake news through discussion and reading
  • To develop students’ 21st-century skills, including critical thinking, collaboration and media literacy


Older teenagers and adults at CEF level B1 and above


45-60 minutes


The teachers' notes and student worksheets are available to download in PDF format

Language level
Language Level: 
Intermediate: B1